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VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2020 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

A Study of the Impact of Lockdown on Vaccination Coverage at a Tertiary Care Center

Purvi Patel, Halak Vasavada, Snehal V Patel, Khushbu Patel, Payal Rathva

Keywords : Immunization, Lockdown, Pandemic, Vaccination

Citation Information : Patel P, Vasavada H, Patel SV, Patel K, Rathva P. A Study of the Impact of Lockdown on Vaccination Coverage at a Tertiary Care Center. Pediatr Inf Dis 2020; 2 (2):51-54.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10081-1264

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 14-10-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim and objective: The aim and objective of the this study is to study the impact of lockdown on vaccination coverage at a tertiary care center. Materials and methods: It was a retrospective analytical study carried out at Shardaben Hospital, Saraspur, Ahmedabad, Gujarat.. The study period was April–May 2019 and April–May 2020. Results: In our study, during lockdown period, number of vaccinated children were lower in May (837) as compared to April (1,352) in year 2020. Total number of deliveries increased to 507 in April 2020 compared to 388 in April 2019 resulting in more inborn vaccination in April 2020 (92.50%). In May 2020, total number of deliveries (386) were less compared to April 2020 (507) and May 2019 (505). The birth vaccination is 92.50% in April 2020 and 83.56% in May 2020. In April, the DPT booster vaccination rates reduced by 87% while MR vaccination reduced by 58%. In May, there was reduction in DPT booster at 5 years (96.66%) and pentavalent third dose (78.94%) and MR (78.57%). Conclusion: There has been significant reduction in attendance to the immunization clinic for routine vaccination during the lockdown period secondary to coronavirus pandemic. The reduction has been more in May 2020 as compared to April 2020 because of peaking of cases during that time in the area with it being declared as containment zone during that period. Clinical significance: There has been a significant impact of lockdown on routine immunization under five children and an urgent vaccination drive is the need of the hour.


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