Pediatric Infectious Disease

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VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2020 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Management of Febrile Neutropenia in Children: Current Approach and Challenges

Parameswaran Anoop, Channappa N Patil

Keywords : Antibiotic resistance, Febrile neutropenia, Risk, Supportive care

Citation Information : Anoop P, Patil CN. Management of Febrile Neutropenia in Children: Current Approach and Challenges. Pediatr Inf Dis 2020; 2 (4):135-139.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10081-1257

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 20-02-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Neutropenia can result from failure, infiltration, or suppression of the bone marrow due to nonmalignant disorders, cancers, chemotherapy, radiation, or a combination of these. Febrile neutropenia (FN) is a hemato-oncological emergency and is an important cause of death in immunocompromised children. Prompt and stepwise management of FN helps to minimize the morbidity and mortality considerably. In resource-constraint countries, additional challenges can be encountered during the treatment of fever in neutropenic patients. In India, many children with FN are initially treated at regional centers and later referred to tertiary units if needed. Pediatricians should hence be familiar with the treatment algorithm and specific issues related to the management of FN.


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