Introduction: Candidemia has emerged as one of the life-threatening causes of invasive infection in both adults and children worldwide.
Materials and methods: We performed a retrospective study of children (≤16 years) with candidemia diagnosed in our center in 2010 to 2019. Demographics, comorbidities, Candida species distribution, antifungal susceptibility, and outcomes were analyzed.
Results: A total of 96 children were identified in the last 10 years. The predominant species identified were C. tropicalis (23%), C. parapsilosis (15.6%), C. pelliculosa (15.6%), C. albicans (13.6%), C. krusei (7.3%), and C. haemulonii (5.2%). Male to female ratio was 2:1. The most common risk factor was found to be congenital malformations (27%), followed by hematological malignancy in 13.5%. Candidemia was diagnosed while being admitted in the intensive care unit in 74%, 14.5% in wards, and 11.5% in outpatients. The overall mortality rate was found to be 31.3%. C. tropicalis was found to be sensitive to fluconazole in 95.5%, flucytocine in 95.2%, and 100% susceptible to amphotericin B, voriconazole, and caspofungin.
Conclusion: Invasive candidiasis occurs frequently in hospitalized patients and is associated with high mortality rates. C. tropicalis was the most frequently isolated species. We have observed a shift in Candida spp. with an increasing isolation of C. pelliculosa. The occurrence of azole resistance is a matter of concern.
Clinical significance: This type of data analysis is needed to track trends of serious infection and to develop guidelines for infection control strategies and antimicrobial stewardship program.
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