Pediatric Infectious Disease

Register      Login

VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2021 ) > List of Articles


Acute Encephalopathy as a Presenting Symptom of Nontyphoidal Salmonellosis in Children

Citation Information : Acute Encephalopathy as a Presenting Symptom of Nontyphoidal Salmonellosis in Children. Pediatr Inf Dis 2021; 3 (2):81-82.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10081-1291

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 14-07-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; The Author(s).


In this case report, we describe a child who had fever and encephalopathy at the time of presentation. Nontyphoidal salmonellosis causing encephalopathy in children is scarcely described in the literature, and in those, concurrent abdominal symptoms were also well manifested. In our report, the abdominal findings were rather absent, and most clinical symptoms pointed toward a CNS infection. Active CNS infection was ruled out through CSF examination and the culprit for encephalopathy was found out through blood culture. Through this case report, we want to make the practicing clinicians aware of the possibility of nontyphoidal salmonellosis to present as encephalopathy alone without any obvious abdominal symptoms to suspect the disease.

PDF Share
  1. Arii J, Tanabe Y, Miyake M, et al. Clinical and pathological characteristics of nontyphoidal salmonella encephalopathy. Neurology 2002;58(11):1641–1645. DOI: 10.1212/WNL.58.11.1641.
  2. Perles Z, BarZiv J, Granot E. Brain edema: an underdiagnosed complication of shigella infection. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1995;14(12):1114–1115. DOI: 10.1097/00006454-199512000-00022.
  3. Kleanthous H, Smith HR, Scotland SM, et al. Haemolytic uraemic syndromes in the British Isles, 1985–8: association with verocytotoxin producing Escherichia coli. part 2: microbiological aspects. Arch Dis Child 1990;65(7):722–727. DOI: 10.1136/adc.65.7.722.
  4. Martin K, Sharland M, Davies E. Encephalopathy associated with Salmonella enteritidis infection. Scand J Infect Dis 1994;26(4):486–488. DOI: 10.3109/00365549409008624.
  5. Iwamaru Y, Miyake M, Arii J, et al. An inhibitory factor for cell-free protein synthesis from Salmonella enteritidis exhibits cytopathic activity against Chinese hamster ovary cells. Microb Pathog 2001;31(6):283–293. DOI: 10.1006/mpat.2001.0471.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.