Pediatric Infectious Disease

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VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2021 ) > List of Articles

CASE REPORT

Acute Encephalopathy as a Presenting Symptom of Nontyphoidal Salmonellosis in Children

Jithin C Shaji, Remesh Kumar

Keywords : Blood culture, Children, Encephalopathy, Gastroenteritis, Nontyphoidal salmonellosis

Citation Information : Shaji JC, Kumar R. Acute Encephalopathy as a Presenting Symptom of Nontyphoidal Salmonellosis in Children. Pediatr Inf Dis 2021; 3 (2):81-82.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10081-1291

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 14-07-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

In this case report, we describe a child who had fever and encephalopathy at the time of presentation. Nontyphoidal salmonellosis causing encephalopathy in children is scarcely described in the literature, and in those, concurrent abdominal symptoms were also well manifested. In our report, the abdominal findings were rather absent, and most clinical symptoms pointed toward a CNS infection. Active CNS infection was ruled out through CSF examination and the culprit for encephalopathy was found out through blood culture. Through this case report, we want to make the practicing clinicians aware of the possibility of nontyphoidal salmonellosis to present as encephalopathy alone without any obvious abdominal symptoms to suspect the disease.


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