Pediatric Infectious Disease

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VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 3 ( July-September, 2021 ) > List of Articles


Viral Myocarditis in Children: A Review

Jayranganath Mahimarangaiah, Varun Marimuthu

Keywords : Children, COVID-19, India, Intravenous immunoglobulin, Laboratory diagnosis, Myocarditis, Pediatric, Review, Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, Viral

Citation Information : Mahimarangaiah J, Marimuthu V. Viral Myocarditis in Children: A Review. Pediatr Inf Dis 2021; 3 (3):99-104.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10081-1266

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 25-01-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


In viral myocarditis, viral invasion of the heart can lead to direct and indirect inflammatory destruction of the myocardium. Various etiological agents, ranging from enterovirus to adenovirus can cause myocarditis. The clinical presentation is heterogeneous and can end up in a dilated cardiomyopathy phenotype, leading to major mortality, morbidity, and years lost in children. Early recognition and diagnosis with echocardiogram, endomyocardial biopsy, and cardiac MRI is important. Treatment options include with immunosuppression and immunomodulation in the early phases and may require cardiac transplantation in end-stage heart failure.

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