Pediatric Infectious Disease

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VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2021 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Bacterial Skin and Soft Tissue Infections in Children

Divya Gupta

Keywords : Complicated, Pediatric, Skin and soft tissue infection, Uncomplicated

Citation Information : Gupta D. Bacterial Skin and Soft Tissue Infections in Children. Pediatr Inf Dis 2021; 3 (4):146-155.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10081-1305

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 27-12-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; The Author(s).


Abstract

Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are common in the pediatric age-group in developing countries, where the risk factors are commonplace. These SSTIs may be classified for ease of management, into uncomplicated (uSSTI) and complicated SSTIs (cSSTI). Folliculitis, furuncles, impetigo, ecthyma, and erysipelas are grouped under uSSTI, whereas abscess, carbuncle, and cellulitis come under cSSTI. Most of them are secondary to Staphylococcus aureus and group I beta-hemolytic Streptococci. Antibiotic treatment must be based on antimicrobial sensitivities and local community resistance patterns. Antibiotics like beta-lactams, first-generation cephalosporins, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and clindamycin are effective in most patients. However, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a serious concern in cases worldwide, including India. Newer molecules like dalbavancin, telavancin, tigecycline, ceftaroline, and tedizolid are emerging.


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