Fungal infections in pediatric practice are too common and yet often not discussed. Superficial fungal infections are primarily due to a poor personal hygiene. They are easy to treat provided a prompt diagnosis is made and prolonged topical antifungals are used, occasionally requiring oral antifungals. Systemic fungal infections are assuming great importance because of rampant antibiotic use, increasing intensive care centers and a big subsection of survivors in oncology, primary, and acquired immunodeficient states. The key to a successful management rests on a high index of suspicion in the vulnerable population, laboratory evidence and selecting the appropriate antifungal drug based on the local epidemiology.
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